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# Reasoning Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams

Logical reasoning refers to the process of using rational and systematic thinking to arrive at a conclusion or solve a problem. It involves analyzing information, making deductions and inferences, and drawing logical conclusions based on evidence and facts. Logical reasoning can be used in various fields such as mathematics, computer science, law, philosophy, and even everyday life. It is an essential skill in critical thinking and decision-making and is often assessed in standardized tests such as the LSAT, GMAT, and GRE.

Here, I am sharing Reasoning Questions and Answers related to statements arguments, statements courses of action, statement conclusion, syllogism, etc under Logical Reasoning for those learners who are preparing for competitive exams. These Reasoning Questions and Answers under the Logical Reasoning section are very important for all competitive exams.

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## Reasoning Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams

Q :

Two statements are followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III. Assuming the statements to be true, even if they do not conform to real-word knowledge, decide which of the conclusion(s) logically follows from the statements.

Statements:

All ponds are pools

Some wells are ponds.

Conclusions;

I. Some ponds are not wells.

II. Some wells are pools

III. All pools are wells.

(A) None of the conclusions follow

(B) Only conclusion I follow

(C) Only Conclusion III follows

(D) Only Conclusion II follows

Q :

Statements
E=F˂G˂H
G ≥ I
Conclusions I. H˃I
II. E≥I

(A) If only conclusion I follows

(B) If only conclusion II follows

(C) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows

(D) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows

(E) If both conclusion I and II follow

Q :

Statements: All sparrows are birds.
No bird is a reptile.
Conclusions I. No sparrow is a reptile.
II. Some reptiles are sparrows.

(A) If only conclusion I follows

(B) if only conclusion II follows

(C) if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows

(D) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows

(E) If both conclusions I and II follow

Q :

In this question relationships between different elements are shown in the statements. These statements are followed by two conclusions.
Statements R ≥ S ≥ T ˃U˃X
T˂V˂W
Conclusions I. R˃X
II.X˂W

(A) If only conclusion I follows

(B) If only conclusion II follows

(C) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows

(D) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows

(E) If both conclusion I and II follow

Q :

In this question relationships between different elements are shown in the statements. These statements are followed by two conclusions.
Statements K≤L≤M=N
P≥O≥N
Conclusions. I. K<P
II. K=P

(A) If only conclusion I follows

(B) If only conclusion II follows

(C) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows

(D) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows

(E) If both conclusion I and II follow

Q :

In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
Statement: Severe drought is reported to have set in several parts of the country.
Courses of Action:
I. Government should immediately make arrangement for providing financial assistance to those affected.
II. Food, water and fodder should immediately be sent to all these areas to save the people and cattle.

(A) If only I follows

(B) If only II follows

(C) If either I or II follows

(D) If neither I nor II follows

Q :

Directions: In each question below are two/three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow (s) from the statements disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
Some pencils are erasers.
All pencils are sharpeners.
All erasers are not sharpeners.
Conclusions:
I. All erasers can be pencils.
II. Some sharpeners are erasers.
(A) if only conclusion I follows.
(B) if only conclusion II follows.
(C) if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
(D) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
(E) if both conclusion I and conclusion II follows.

(A) A

(B) B

(C) C

(D) D

(E) E

Q :

Directions: In each question below are two/three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow (s) from the statements disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
All gases are solids.
All Solids are liquids.
Conclusions:
I. All gases are liquids.
II. At least some liquids are solids.
(A) if only conclusion I follows.
(B) if only conclusion II follows.
(C) if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
(D) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
(E) if both conclusion I and conclusion II follows.

(A) A

(B) B

(C) C

(D) D

(E) E

Q :

Directions: In each question below are two/three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow (s) from the statements disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements:
Some notes are coins.
No coin is a card.
Conclusions:
I. All cards can be notes.
II. Some notes are neither coins nor cards.
(A) if only conclusion I follows.
(B) if only conclusion II follows.
(C) if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
(D) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
(E) if both conclusion I and conclusion II follows.

(A) A

(B) B

(C) C

(D) D

(E) E

Q :

Direction: In each question below a statement is given followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is practicable and feasible step or administrative decision to be taken for follow-up improvement, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
Statement: Many over- qualified professionals are now opting for lower ranked jobs owing to recession in the market which has made new recruitment's almost nil in the recent months.
Course of Action:
I. Over qualified people should not be allowed to undertake jobs which do not suit their academic qualifications.
II. Such Candidates should be encouraged to postpone undertaking a job until recession subsides.

(A) if only course of action I follow

(B) if only course of action II follows.

(C) if either course of action I or course of action II follows.

(D) if neither course of action I nor course of action II follows.

(E) if both courses of action I and II follow.