Selection Based on Given Condition Questions

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NEW selection based on given condition questions

In selection based on given condition type of questions, a few essential criteria for selection of a group of items are given. The candidate has to keep these conditions in mind and make the required selection as per the directions are given in each question.

Questions of Selection Based on Given Condition 


Q.1. There are five men A, B, C, D and E and six women P, Q, R, S, T and U, A, B and R advocates;

C, D, P, Q and S are doctors and the rest are teachers. Some terms are to be selected from amongst these eleven persons subject to the following condition:

A, P and U have to be together. B cannot go with D or R. E and Q have to be together. C and T have to be together. D and P cannot go together. C cannot go with Q.

If the term is to consist of two male advocates, two lady doctors and one teacher, the members of the team are:

(A) A B P U S

(B) A B P Q U

(C) B E Q R S

(D) A P R S U


Ans .   A


The male advocates are A and B, lady doctors are P, Q and S; teachers are E, T and U.Now, A and B will be selected. A, P and U have to be together. Now, we have to select one lady doctor more. It can be Q or S. But Q and E have to be together. Since E is not selected, so S will be selected. Thus, the term is A B P U S.

Q.2. A team of five is to be selected from amongst five boys A, B, C, D and E and four girls P, Q, R and S. Some criteria for selection are:

A and S have to be together.

P cannot be put with R.

D and Q cannot be together.

C and E have to be together.

R cannot be put with B.

Unless otherwise stated, these criteria are applicable to all the question below: 

If R be one of the members, the other members of the team are:

(A) Q S A D

(B) P S A D

(C) S A C E

(D) Q S C E


Ans .   C


If R is selected, P cannot be selected. So, P S A D is wrong: D and Q cannot go together. So, Q S A D is wrong. S and A have to be together, So, Q S C E is wrong.

Q.3. There are five men A, B, C, D and E and six women P, Q, R, S, T and U, A, B and R advocates; C, D, P, Q and S are doctors and the rest are teachers. Some terms are to be selected from amongst these eleven persons subject to the following condition:

A, P and U have to be together. 

B cannot go with D or R. 

E and Q have to be together. 

C and T have to be together. 

D and P cannot go together. 

C cannot go with Q.

If the term is to consist of one advocate, two doctors, three teachers and C may not go with T, the members of the team are:

(A) A E P Q T U

(B) A E P Q S U

(C) E Q R S T U

(D) B E Q S T U


Ans .   A


The advocates are A, B and R; doctors are C, D, P, Q, S; teachers are E, T and U.The term consists of 3 teachers i.e. E, T, U. Now, A, P, and U have to be together. E and Q have to be together. Thus, the team is A E P Q T U.

Q.4. A team of five is to be selected from amongst five boys A, B, C, D and E and four girls P, Q, R and S. Some criteria for selection are:

A and S have to be together.

P cannot be put with R.

D and Q cannot be together.

C and E have to be together.

R cannot be put with B.

Unless otherwise stated, these criteria are applicable to all the question below:

If two of the members are girls and D is one of the members, the members of the team other than D are:

(A) P Q C E

(B) P Q B C

(C) P S C E

(D) P S A B


Ans .   D


If D is selected, Q cannot be selected. So, P Q B C and P Q C E are not correct.S and A have to be together. So, P S C E is also wrong.

Q.5. There are five men A, B, C, D and E and six women P, Q, R, S, T and U, A, B and R advocates;

C, D, P, Q and S are doctors and the rest are teachers. Some terms are to be selected from amongst these eleven persons subject to the following condition:

A, P and U have to be together.

B cannot go with D or R.

E and Q have to be together.

C and T have to be together.

D and P cannot go together.

C cannot go with Q.

If the term is to consists of one male advocate, on male doctor, one lady doctor and two teachers, the members of the term are:

(A) A D E P T

(B) A C P T U

(C) B C E Q U

(D) A D E P U


Ans .   B


The male advocates are A and B; male doctors are C and D; lady doctors are P, Q and S; teachers are E, T and U.If A is selectors, P and U will be selected, D and P cannot go together. So, a male doctor C will be selected. C and T have to be together. Thus, the team is A C P T U. If B is selected, D will not be selected. So, male doctor C will be chosen. C and T have to be together. Now, the second teacher to be selectees E and U. But U cannot go without A. So, will be selected. E and Q have to be together. Thus, the team can also be B C E Q T.

Q.6. A team of five is to be selected from amongst five boys A, B, C, D and E and four girls P, Q, R and S. Some criteria for selection are:

A and S have to be together.

P cannot be put with R.

D and Q cannot be together.

C and E have to be together.

R cannot be put with B.

Unless otherwise stated, these criteria are applicable to all the question below:

If A and C are members, the other members of the team cannot be:

(A) D E S

(B) B E S

(C) P Q E

(D) E S P


Ans .   C


If A and C are members, S and E have also to be selected. So, P Q E is not the correct combination.

Q.7. There are five men A, B, C, D and E and six women P, Q, R, S, T and U, A, B and R advocates;

C, D, P, Q and S are doctors and the rest are teachers. Some terms are to be selected from amongst these eleven persons subject to the following condition:

A, P and U have to be together.

B cannot go with D or R.

E and Q have to be together.

C and T have to be together.

D and P cannot go together.

C cannot go with Q.

If the term is to consists of one advocate, three doctors and one male teacher, the members of the team are:

(A) C D R S T

(B) A D P S U

(C) D E Q R T

(D) D E Q R S


Ans .   D


The advocates are A, B and R; the doctors are C, D, P, Q and S; male teacher is E. Clearly, E will be selected, E and Q have to be together. C and Q cannot be together. So, C will not be selected. P also cannot be selected because U is not selected. So, two other doctors, D and S will be selected. P is not selected, so A will not be selected. D is selected, so B cannot be selected. Thus, the team is D E Q R S.

Q.8. A team of five is to be selected from amongst five boys A, B, C, D and E and four girls P, Q, R and S. Some criteria for selection are:

A and S have to be together.

P cannot be put with R.

D and Q cannot be together.

C and E have to be together.

R cannot be put with B.

Unless otherwise stated, these criteria are applicable to all the question below: 

If including P at least three members are girls, the members of the team other than P are:

(A) Q S B D

(B) Q S A B

(C) R S A D

(D) Q S C E


Ans .   B


P and R cannot be together. So, R S A D is wrong. S and A have to be together. So, Q S B D and Q S C E are incorrect.

Q.9. There are five men A, B, C, D and E and six women P, Q, R, S, T and U, A, B and R advocates;

C, D, P, Q and S are doctors and the rest are teachers. Some terms are to be selected from amongst these eleven persons subject to the following condition:

A, P and U have to be together.

B cannot go with D or R.

E and Q have to be together.

C and T have to be together.

D and P cannot go together.

C cannot go with Q.

If the term is to consists of two advocates, two doctors, two teachers and not more than three ladies, the members of the team are:

(A) A C P R T U

(B) A B C P T U

(C) B C E Q R T

(D) A E P Q R T


Ans .   B


A C P R T U and A E P Q R T are wrong because each of these combinations consists of four ladies. B C E Q R T is incorrect because B and R cannot go together.

Q.10. A team of five is to be selected from amongst five boys A, B, C, D and E and four girls P, Q, R and S. Some criteria for selection are:

A and S have to be together.

P cannot be put with R.

D and Q cannot be together.

C and E have to be together.

R cannot be put with B.

Unless otherwise stated, these criteria are applicable to all the question below:

If two of the members have to be boys, the team will consist of:

(A) A D S Q R

(B) A B S P Q

(C) C E S P Q

(D) B D S R Q


Ans .   B


If A is selected, S has to be selected.

If B is selected, R can not be selected.

If D is selected, Q cannot be selected.

So, A D S Q R and B D S R Q are wrong. C E S P Q is not possible because S has to be accompanied with A.

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Vikram Singh

Providing knowledgable questions of Reasoning and Aptitude for the competitive exams.

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