Indian Constitution Question and Answer

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Welcome to our Indian Constitution Questions and Answers Blog, your ultimate destination for mastering the fundamental principles of the Indian Constitution. Designed exclusively for competitive exam aspirants, this platform serves as your comprehensive guide to understanding the bedrock of India's legal framework. Whether you are preparing for UPSC, SSC, State PSCs, or any other competitive exam, our blog Indian Constitution Questions and Answers offers succinct yet insightful content to help you ace your exams with confidence.

Indian Constitution Question 

In this article Indian Constitution Question and Answer, we are providing the latest and most important questions and answers related to Indian Constitution for those learners who are preparing for upcoming competitive exams like SSC, Bank, RRB and other government exams.

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Indian Constitution Questions and Answers

Q :  

The Unitary System of Government possesses which of the following advantages? 

(A) Fundamental Rights

(B) Directive Principles of the State Policy

(C) Fundamental Duties

(D) Emergency Provision


Correct Answer : B
Explanation :

The Unitary System of Government, where power is concentrated at the central level, ensures uniformity, efficiency, and quick decision-making in governance. This system allows for streamlined implementation of policies and laws without regional variations, leading to administrative simplicity. However, the Directive Principles of State Policy, while essential, are distinct principles in the Indian Constitution, guiding social and economic policies, irrespective of the system of government in place.


Q :  

Which Article of the Indian Constitution empowers a High Court to issue writs for the enforcement of the Fundamental Rights of the citizens?

(A) Article 226

(B) Article 242

(C) Article 230

(D) Article 235


Correct Answer : A
Explanation :

Article 226 of the Indian Constitution empowers High Courts in India to issue writs, including habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto, and certiorari, for the enforcement of the fundamental rights of the citizens as well as for any other purpose. This article grants the High Courts the power to protect and enforce fundamental rights in their respective states.


Q :  

What was the basis for constituting the Constituent Assembly of India? 

(A) The Resolution of the Indian National Congress

(B) The Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946

(C) The Indian Independence Act, 1947

(D) The resolutions of the Provincial/State Legislatures of the Dominion of India


Correct Answer : B
Explanation :

The Constituent Assembly of India was constituted based on the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946. The plan was proposed by the British government and aimed at devising a constitutional framework for India's independence. It laid the foundation for the formation of the Constituent Assembly, which played a crucial role in drafting the Constitution of India, ultimately leading to India's independence in 1947.


Q :  

The Supreme Court on 18 July, 2022 ordered its registry to work out a mechanism to remove personal details of persons entangled in matrimonial litigation. This decision was taken to recognize which right as part of ‘right to privacy’?

(A) Right to division of power

(B) Right to live

(C) Right to be forgotten

(D) Right to practice religion


Correct Answer : C
Explanation :

The Supreme Court's decision to remove personal details of individuals involved in matrimonial litigation is related to the concept of "Right to be forgotten," which is a part of the right to privacy. This right allows individuals to request the removal of their personal information from online platforms and other records if that information is outdated or no longer relevant, preserving their privacy and dignity.


Q :  

Who among the following had moved the objective resolution which formed the basis of the Preamble the Constitution of India in the Constituent assembly on Dec. 13, 1946? 

(A) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

(B) Acharya J.B. Kripalani

(C) Jay Prakash Narayan

(D) Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru


Correct Answer : D
Explanation :

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru moved the Objective Resolution in the Constituent Assembly of India on December 13, 1946. The Objective Resolution laid the foundation for the Preamble of the Constitution of India and outlined the fundamental principles that would guide the framing of the Indian Constitution.


Q :  

What is the basis of classification of governments as unitary and federal? 

(A) Relationship between legislature and executive

(B) Relationship between executive and judiciary

(C) Relationship between the Centre and States

(D) Relationship between the legislature, executive and judicial wings of government


Correct Answer : C
Explanation :

Governments are classified as unitary or federal based on the distribution of power between the central and regional authorities. In a unitary system, all power is concentrated in the central government. In federal systems, power is shared between central and regional governments, each having distinct spheres of authority.


Q :  

The Government of India Act, 1935 was based on:

(A) The principle of federation and parliamentary system

(B) The principle of succession of the British Indian provinces

(C) Acceptance of the idea of a Constituent Assembly to draft a constitution

(D) None of these


Correct Answer : A
Explanation :

The Government of India Act, 1935 was based on the principle of federation and introduced a parliamentary system of government. It provided for the establishment of a federal structure for India, where powers were divided between the central (federal) government and provincial governments. It also introduced the concept of bicameralism at the federal level and established a parliamentary system, laying the foundation for India's governance until it gained independence in 1947.


Q :  

India is a republic because

(A) It is democratic country

(B) It is a parliamentary democracy

(C) the head of the state is elected for a definite period

(D) All of these


Correct Answer : C
Explanation :

India is a republic because the head of the state, the President, is elected by an electoral college for a fixed term of five years. This democratic process ensures that the highest office in the country is not hereditary but held through periodic elections, reflecting the nation's commitment to representative governance and equality.


Q :  

Which one of the following is not an element of the State?

(A) Population

(B) Land

(C) Army

(D) Government


Correct Answer : C
Explanation :

The statement "Army" is incorrect. The army is, in fact, an essential element of the State. The elements of the State typically include population, territory, government, and sovereignty. The army, or the military, is part of the government's structure and is responsible for national defense, making it a crucial component of the State apparatus.


Q :  

Statement I: The Constitution of India is a liberal Constitution 

Statement II: It provides Fundamental Rights to Individuals 

(A) Both the statement are individually true and statement II is the correct explanation of statement

(B) Both the statements are individually true but statement II is not the correct explanation of statement

(C) Statement I is true but statement II is false

(D) Statement I is false but statement II is true


Correct Answer : A
Explanation :

both statements are individually true, and statement II is the correct explanation of statement I. The Constitution of India is indeed a liberal Constitution, emphasizing democratic values, individual rights, and freedoms. Statement II clarifies that it achieves this liberal character by providing Fundamental Rights to individuals, which are essential elements of a liberal democratic framework, ensuring citizens' liberties and equal protection under the law.


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